This is absolutely absurd. I can honestly say that I am ashamed to say that I am a graduate of Christian County High School, and I recently graduated in 2007. What exactly are you teaching these students by letting them make up missed homework assignments? If they do not do the assignment or have an unexcused absence a zero is what they have earned. By letting students make up missed assignments for credit is teaching them that there are no consequences for being irresponsible. I am currently in college. If I were to go speak with a professor about a missed assignment, they would tell me tough luck unless I had a university excused absence. Also, in the real world you are not given the chance to make up something you have missed or neglected to complete. By teaching the students this concept, the school is setting them up for failure.
The 19th-century politician and educational reformer Horace Mann played a large role in the history of homework. Mann, like his contemporaries Henry Barnard and Calvin Ellis Stowe, had a strong interest in the compulsory public education system in the newly unified nation-state of Germany.
Around the same time, prominent publications like the Ladies' Home Journal and The New York Times used published statements from parents and medical professionals to portray homework as detrimental to children's health.
Homework is still controversial today. Some schools are instituting homework bans that mirror those from the turn of the previous century. Teachers are expressing differing perspectives about these bans, while parents are trying to cope with the disruption to the home routine that results from such bans.
Under the new national rules children in grades one and two receive no homework at all, students in grades three to six can be assigned up to an hour of extra exercises a day, and pupils in secondary school can be set up to an hour and a half of self-study.
Newly-established private tutoring companies will now be banned from teaching core-curriculum subjects such as Chinese Literature, Maths, History, Geography, English and Ethics while existing ones will have to register as non-profit organisations and reduce the amount they charge for lessons. Furthermore these tutors will not be able to offer classes on weekends, public holidays or during school vacations.
Brant's move may not be common, but she isn't alone in her questioning. The value of doing schoolwork at home has gone in and out of fashion in the United States among educators, policymakers, the media, and, more recently, parents. As far back as the late 1800s, with the rise of the Progressive Era, doctors such as Joseph Mayer Rice began pushing for a limit on what he called "mechanical homework," saying it caused childhood nervous conditions and eyestrain. Around that time, the then-influential Ladies Home Journal began publishing a series of anti-homework articles, stating that five hours of brain work a day was "the most we should ask of our children," and that homework was an intrusion on family life. In response, states like California passed laws abolishing homework for students under a certain age.
Butchko joined forces with another mother who was having similar struggles and ultimately helped get the homework policy in her district changed, limiting homework on weekends and holidays, setting time guidelines for daily homework, and broadening the definition of homework to include projects and studying for tests. As she told the school board at one meeting when the policy was first being discussed, "In closing, I just want to say that I had more free time at Harvard Law School than my son has in middle school, and that is not in the best interests of our children."
"Most of the parents that were against the homework policy felt that students need a large quantity of homework to prepare them for the rigorous AP classes in high school and to get them into Harvard," she says.
Stephanie Conklin, Ed.M.'06, sees this at Another Course to College, the Boston pilot school where she teaches math. "When a student is not completing [his or her] homework, parents usually are frustrated by this and agree with me that homework is an important part of their child's learning," she says.
"Why should we think that practicing homework in first grade will make you better at doing it in middle school?" she writes. "Doesn't the opposite seem equally plausible: that it's counterproductive to ask children to sit down and work at night before they're developmentally ready because you'll just make them tired and cross?"
So how can schools come to a happy medium, a way that allows teachers to cover everything they need while not overwhelming students? Conklin says she often gives online math assignments that act as labs and students have two or three days to complete them, including some in-class time. Students at Pangburn's school have a 50-minute silent period during regular school hours where homework can be started, and where teachers pull individual or small groups of students aside for tutoring, often on that night's homework. Afterschool homework clubs can help.
Local education authorities should include homework management in their school evaluations, the Ministry of Education said in a new notice as part of efforts to reduce the excessive academic burden on primary and middle school students.
Schools should include homework design, grading and feedback in evaluations of teachers, and local education authorities should open hotlines and other platforms to the public for schools' homework management, the notice said on Sunday.
First and second graders should have no written homework, and primary school students should have an average of less than an hour of homework every day, the notice said. Middle school students should have an average of less than 90 minutes.
Charter schools are a relatively recent phenomenon. In 1991, Minnesota passed the first charter law, and the first charter school opened in 1992. All charter schools operate independently through their charter (contract) between state education officials and community or school leaders. The contract specifies the goals and metrics that must be met in order for the charter school to be in operation. They receive public funding including local, state, and federal tax dollars just like other public schools. According to the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools (NAPCS), there are more than 6,800 charter schools across 43 states and the District of Columbia educating nearly three million children. Charter schools are also unique in that they choose their own management structure and do not have the traditional elected school board that is common to almost all other public schools in the country. The NAPCS reports that 67 percent of all charter schools are independently run, nonprofit, single-site schools; 20 percent are run by nonprofit organizations that run more than one charter school; and just under 13 percent are run by for-profit companies. For-profit charter schools do have to meet financial oversight regulations, just like any company the government would contract with to provide a service. Some networks are quite large. Achievement First operates 32 schools in Connecticut, New York, and Rhode Island. The Noble Network of charter schools in Chicago operates 16 high schools and serves over 11,000 students in the city. That makes it larger than most school districts in the state of Illinois. After Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans has essentially replaced a traditional public school system with charter schools. As the number of charter schools grows, it is important that advocates know how they operate and what rights students have.
Laws Governing Charter SchoolsThere is heated debate about whether charter schools are in fact higher performing than traditional public schools and whether they truly intend to educate all students, including students of color, English-language learning (ELL) students, and students with disabilities. But despite the debate, it is true that charters are here to stay and are a continually growing presence in the education landscape. It is important to reiterate that charter schools are public schools and therefore open to all students. They cannot discriminate on the basis of race, religion, disability, or any other protected basis. That means that any student is allowed to attend a charter school and should not be turned away unless it is by lottery for seats due to high demand. It is important to obtain information on the admissions procedure for a charter school in order to understand the process. If charter schools do discriminate in admissions or in treatment of students who are enrolled, a complaint may be filed with the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education. Equitable remedies are available.
Charters, much like other traditional public schools, are governed largely by state law, with some exceptions. What differentiates them is contained in the laws authorizing charter schools that vary from state to state, so it is important to know the charter law in your state. All charter laws should specify a few key points and procedures:
The McKinney-Vento Act also requires the LEA to designate a liaison to be responsible for posting public notices in the school listing the protections for students, ensuring homeless students in the school and community are properly identified, making appropriate referrals to outside agencies, and providing parents with opportunities for involvement, among other requirements. If the charter is authorized by an LEA, it is important to find out who the liaison is for that district. There are many other things charter school students and staff should be encouraged to do to support homeless students, including assessing their needs for academic and behavioral supports. Homeless students are entitled to participate in all the programming that other students are entitled to, but school staff should also be able to provide additional supports to address other needs particular to homeless students. 2b1af7f3a8